Lemon Balm 101: A Delicious Medicinal Herb

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Imagine stepping into a world where a single herb can tantalize your taste buds and heal your body. Welcome to the captivating realm of lemon balm, a plant that has delighted culinary enthusiasts and herbalists alike for centuries. This delicious medicinal herb holds a rich history, from its ancient roots to its modern applications. In this article, we will dive into the wonders of lemon balm, exploring its intriguing past, its versatile uses in the kitchen, its remarkable healing powers, and even the art of cultivating and caring for this extraordinary herb. Get ready to unlock the secrets of lemon balm and discover how it can enhance your life with its delightful flavor and incredible health benefits.

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The History of Lemon Balm

Lemon balm’s illustrious history is as captivating as its delicious flavor and healing properties. From ancient civilizations to modern times, this remarkable herb has been cherished for its myriad of uses and its ability to tantalize both the taste buds and the body.

Greeks And Romans

Throughout the ages, lemon balm has been renowned for its various medicinal benefits. Its earliest recorded use traces back to the ancient Greeks and Romans, who believed in its ability to calm the mind, improve digestion, and promote overall well-being. In fact, the Greeks even dedicated lemon balm to their goddess of the moon, Artemis, as a symbol of her nurturing and soothing qualities.

Middle Ages

During the Middle Ages, lemon balm continued to be highly valued for its medicinal properties. It was often used as a remedy for ailments such as insomnia, anxiety, and digestive issues. Monks in European monasteries cultivated lemon balm in their gardens, recognizing its ability to bring comfort and promote relaxation in their daily lives.

Settling In North America

As time passed, lemon balm’s popularity continued to grow. The herb made its way to North America with the early settlers and was embraced for its culinary uses as well. Lemon balm was commonly used to add a refreshing zest to dishes, imparting a subtle lemony flavor that elevated the taste of both sweet and savory recipes.

Today, lemon balm’s rich history and versatile nature have earned it a special place in both traditional and modern herbal medicine. Its delightful flavor and gentle aroma make it a favorite ingredient in teas, tinctures, and essential oils. Its therapeutic properties, including its calming and antiviral effects, have made it a popular choice for natural remedies and alternative therapies.

Culinary Uses of Lemon Balm

Lemon balm’s vibrant flavor and gentle aroma make it a versatile ingredient in the kitchen. Its fresh and lemony taste pairs well with a variety of dishes, adding a unique twist that delights the taste buds.

Fresh Leaves

One simple way to incorporate lemon balm into your meals is by adding fresh leaves to salads or garnishing seafood and chicken dishes. The herb’s citrusy essence lends a zesty and refreshing note to these dishes, elevating their overall taste.

lemon balm

Lemon Balm Infusions

If you’re looking to explore lemon balm’s flavor further, infusing it into oils and vinegars can be a game-changer. By heating lemon balm leaves in oil or vinegar, you can extract its essence and create a flavorful base for dressings, marinades, or homemade sauces. The resulting infusion captures the herb’s essence, infusing your culinary creations with a delightful lemony undertone.

Sips & Sweets

For those with a sweet tooth, lemon balm can be a delightful addition to desserts and beverages. Its delicate flavor adds a refreshing twist to cocktails and mocktails, making them an instant hit at gatherings or a treat after a long day. Additionally, incorporating lemon balm into desserts like sorbets, ice creams, or baked goods can bring a bright and uplifting dimension to traditional recipes.

Medicinal Applications of Lemon Balm

lemon balm benefits

Lemon balm is not only cherished for its delectable flavor and vibrant appearance in culinary endeavors but also highly esteemed for its remarkable medicinal properties. Beyond its uses in the kitchen, lemon balm has been utilized for centuries as a natural remedy for various ailments, making it an invaluable herb for both culinary and healing purposes.


One of the key medicinal applications of lemon balm lies in its ability to promote relaxation and reduce stress. This herb has been known to have a calming effect on the nervous system, helping to alleviate anxiety and promote a sense of tranquility. Whether taken in the form of a hot cup of lemon balm tea or incorporated into a soothing herbal bath, this herb can be a valuable ally in finding balance and serenity in our fast-paced lives.


Furthermore, lemon balm has been recognized for its potential benefits in improving sleep quality. Its soothing properties can assist in easing restlessness and promoting a more peaceful slumber. By incorporating lemon balm into your bedtime routine, such as steeping it in warm milk or creating a relaxing sachet to place near your pillow, you may experience a deeper and more rejuvenating sleep.

Digestive Aid

In addition to its ability to enhance relaxation and sleep, lemon balm also holds potential in supporting digestive health. Traditionally, it has been used as a gentle remedy for indigestion, bloating, and stomach discomfort. By infusing lemon balm leaves in hot water to create a refreshing tea or incorporating them into soothing digestive bitters, this herb can offer a natural approach to soothing an upset stomach and promoting overall digestive wellness.


Furthermore, lemon balm possesses potent anti-inflammatory properties, which may provide relief for certain skin conditions. When applied topically, it can help soothe irritated skin, reduce redness, and calm inflammation. This makes lemon balm a versatile ingredient for creating natural skincare products, such as lemon balm salve or creams, that can nourish and revitalize the skin.

lemon balm tea

Medicinal Compounds

Lemon balm contains several chemical compounds that contribute to its medicinal properties, including rosmarinic acid, eugenol, and citronellal. Rosmarinic acid is a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent that can help protect cells from damage and reduce inflammation in the body. The reduction of inflammation in the digestive tract can ease digestive upset symptoms such as bloating, gas, and stomach cramps. Eugenol is a natural analgesic, which means it can help reduce pain and discomfort. Citronellal has been shown to have a sedative effect, which can help promote relaxation and sleep. Additionally, lemon balm also contains flavonoids, which are another class of antioxidants that can help boost the immune system and protect against disease.

Lemon Balm Essential Oil

Known for its calming and soothing properties, lemon balm essential oil can be diffused to alleviate stress, anxiety, and improve sleep quality, inducing a sense of tranquility and emotional balance. When applied topically in a diluted form, lemon balm essential oil can aid in managing cold sores, easing headaches, and soothing digestive discomfort. Additionally, its refreshing scent has been associated with enhancing cognitive function and promoting mental clarity. With its immune-supporting antioxidants, lemon balm essential oil serves as a versatile and potent ally in promoting overall well-being and vitality.

lemon balm essential oil

Cultivating and Caring for Lemon Balm

Lemon balm, with its myriad of benefits, is a prized herb that can be a valuable addition to any garden or indoor herb collection. Cultivating and caring for lemon balm is a rewarding process that allows you to have a fresh supply of this delicious and medicinal herb at your fingertips.

Choosing A Location

When it comes to growing lemon balm, it is important to choose the right location. This herb thrives in full sun or partial shade, so find a spot in your garden that receives at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. Lemon balm also prefers well-drained soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH level. If your soil is heavy or clay-like, consider adding organic matter or compost to improve drainage and fertility. Remember that lemon balm is a member of the mint family so it can get pretty invasive if not contained.

Planting Lemon Balm

To start growing lemon balm, you have two options: planting seeds or using transplants. If you’re starting from seeds, sow them indoors about 6-8 weeks before the last frost date in your area. Lemon balm seeds are quite small, so sprinkle them on the surface of moist soil and gently press them down. Keep the soil consistently moist and provide warmth for germination to occur.

If you prefer to use transplants, you can purchase them from a local nursery or start your own from seedlings. When planting either seeds or transplants, space them about 18 inches apart to allow the plants room to grow and spread.

Watering & Moisture

Lemon balm requires regular watering to keep the soil evenly moist, especially during dry spells. However, be careful not to overwater, as excessive moisture can lead to root rot. A layer of mulch around the plants can help retain moisture and control weed growth.

Regularly Harvest

As lemon balm grows, it may benefit from occasional pruning to maintain its shape and encourage bushier growth. Pinch off the tips of the stems to promote branching and prevent the plant from becoming leggy. Regular harvesting not only encourages new growth but also allows you to enjoy the fresh flavor of lemon balm in your cooking and teas.

lemon balm uses

Winter Care

Lemon balm is a perennial herb that can survive the winter in most regions. To prepare lemon balm for winter, follow these steps:


Before the first frost, prune the plant back to about 2-3 inches above the soil line. This will help the plant conserve energy during the winter.


Cover the base of the plant with a layer of organic mulch, such as straw or leaves. This will help protect the roots from the cold and keep them moist.


If you live in a particularly cold region, consider covering the plant with a layer of burlap or frost cloth. This will help protect the plant from freezing temperatures and harsh winds.


Water the plant thoroughly before the first frost to help it survive the winter. However, be sure not to overwater, as this can lead to root rot.

By following these steps, you can help ensure that your lemon balm plant survives the winter and returns in the spring with new growth.

lemon balm herb
Lemon Balm Leaf Cut & Sift Organic

When life gives you lemons, turn to calming and uplifting lemon balm. Lemon balm’s delicate flavor and gentle aroma has been known to soothe the mind and spirit, soften skin, and sweeten many types of recipes

lemon balm extract
Lemon Balm Leaf Extract Organic

Made with premium quality Certified Organic Lemon Balm Leaf.


In conclusion, growing lemon balm is easy, and the plant has numerous health benefits. It is a valuable addition to any garden or herb collection. With its soothing aroma and medicinal properties, lemon balm is a versatile herb that can be used in cooking, tea, and aromatherapy. So, why not give it a try?

Hey Beautiful! I’m Tara, garden enthusiasts, keeper of chickens, herbal homesteader and stay at home mom of 3 tiny humans and a sourdough starter named Ma. I love teaching others how to live a self-sufficient and sustainable life through homesteading, scratch cooking, and remembering to live barefoot, wild and free!

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